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Saturday, September 12, 2020

Best Way To Do Gardening

                              Best Way To Do Gardening

                                                                 
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WHAT IS GARDENING?

Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture. ... It involves an active participation in the growing of plants, and tends to be labor-intensive, which differentiates it from farming or forestry.

WHY GARDENING IS A GOOD HOBBY?

Gardening is a great exercise for both the body and the mind. Apart from the obvious weight loss benefits, studies have proved that gardening decreases the chances of depression, lowers blood pressure and decreases cholesterol levels in blood. Gardening is also helpful when it comes to stress.

10 BASIC GARDENING TIPS FOR BEGINNERS:


(1)  Choose the right plants for your soil.
(2)  Water mindfully.
(3)  Give shrubs for breathing room.
(4)  Be gentle with the new plants.
(5) Understand your plant's growing needs.
(6)  Fine tune your garden maintenance.
(7)  Follow the sun.
(8)  Site it right.
(9)  Give plants enough space.
(10) Be brutal with weeds.


TYPES OF GARDENS


1. FLOWER GARDENS:
A flower garden or floral garden is any garden where flowers are grown and displayed. A person whose hobby for job is growing flowers in a garden is called a gardener. If you want a home grown flowers and veggies ,get to know a gardener.

Sweet alyssum, celosia, cornflower or bachelor button, marigold, cosmos, zinnias, sunflowers, morning glories and nasturtiums.

2. BUTTERFLY GARDEN:

Butterflies are some of the most beautiful and interesting creatures on the earth. A butterfly garden is an easy way to see more butterflies and  to help them, since many natural butterfly habitats have been lost to human activities like building homes roads and farms.it is easy to increase the number and variety of butterflies in your order. Simply grow the plants the caterpillars like to eat and plants that adult butterflies feed on.

The butterfly park in Bannerghatta National park was a great initiative that also provides knowledge and butterfly spices and butterfly life cycles. Bannerghatta butterfly park is the first butterfly park in India and also a popular tourist place in Bengaluru.

3. CONTAINER GARDENING:

Container gardening is when plants are grown in containers such as pots rather than into the ground.
If your vegetable gardening is limited by insufficient space for an unsuitable area,
consider raising fresh,nutrious homegrown vegetables in containers. A windows sill, apatio,a balcony or a door step will provide sufficient space for a productive mini-garden. Problems with soil borne diseases ,nematodes or poor soil conditions can be easily overcome by switching to a container garden. Ready access to containers means that pest management is easier.Container vegetable gardening is a sure way to introduce children to the joys and rewards of vegetable gardening.

SUGGESTED CONTAINER GROWN VEGETABLES

Broccoli, Carrot ,Cucumber, Eggplant,Green beans,Green onion,Leaf Lettuce, Parsley, Pepper,Radish, Spinach, Squash,Tomato and Turnip.
4. WOODLAND GARDENS:

Woodland garden is an area of small deciduous trees or larger shrubs with a combined canopy that simulates the dappled environment in which understory plants thrive.Because they change dynamically throughout the year Woodland gardens provide constant visual stimulation.

WHAT CAN YOU PLANT IN A WOODLAND GARDEN

Shade plants for Woodland gardens:
•Rhododendron
•Daffodils.Cheerful Daffodils grow easily in Woodland conditions.
•Ninebark
•Hosta
•Anemone
•Heuchera
•Oakleaf Hydrangea
•Columbine

MAINTENANCE OF WOODLAND GARDEN

Organic or humas- rich mulch will also keep the soil well nourished,minimising the need for fertilizing. The only other care your garden will need is occasional pruning of the shrubs and trees as necessary.

5. ROCK GARDENS:

     A Rock garden also known as rockery or an alpine garden, is a small field or plot of ground designed to feature and emphasize a variety of rocks ,stones and builders.
    The standard layout for a rock garden consists of a pile of aesthetically arranged rocks in different sizes with small gaps between in which plants are rooted.
    Typically, plants found in rock gardens are small and to do not grow larger than 1 metre in height, though small trees and shrubs up to 6 meters may be used to create a shaded area for a Woodland Rock garden.
     Some rock gardens are designed and built to look like natural outcrops of bedrock. Stones are aligned to suggest a bedding plane, and plants are often used to to conceal the joints between said stones.
    This type of rockery was popular in Victorian times and usually created by professional landscape architects. The same approache is sometimes used in commercial or a modern-campus landscaping but can also be applied in smaller private gardens.
   Although the use of rocks as decorative and symbolic elements in gardens can be traced back to early Chinese and Japanese gardens. Rock gardens dedicated to growing alpine plants have a shorter history.

6. ROOF GARDENS:

A roof garden is a garden on the roof of a building.Besides the decorative benefit, roof plantings may provide food,temperature control, hydrological benefits, architectural enhancement, habitats or carridors for wildlife,recreational opportunities, and in large scale it may even have ecological benefits.

   In more urban areas,a gardener is limited in the amount of space that they have. If you find that you are running out of room or if you want an outdoor living space,then things may be looking up for you.Literally, you may want to consider creating rooftop garden. Rooftop gardens are an ideal way for an urban gardener to expand their space. Rooftop gardens also make good use of frequently unused and wasted space.


HOW DO YOU BUILD A ROOF GARDEN


Use plastic, fibre glass or form planting containers and avoid using pavers. Use  lightweight potting soil rather than garden dirt. Use Styroform peanuts for drainage rather than rocks are pottery shards.

BEST PLANTS FOR ROOFTOP GARDENS

Butterfly weeds, coneflowers and false Indigo are good examples to plant in rooftop gardens. Succulent plant tissue stores moisture that plants can draw on in times of drought. Many succulents grow well in containers, like stonecrops,spurges, and yuccas. Evergreen trees and shrubs are often drought tolerant.

7. ORGANIC GARDENING:

Organic horticulture is the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers or ornamental plants by following the essential principles of organic agriculture in soil building and conservation, pest management and heirloom variety preservation.

Most gardeners do not understand, what organic gardening is all about or how to have an organic garden. Organic gardening is essentially gardening without using synthetic products like fertilizers and pesticides. It  involves the use of only natural products to grow plants in your garden.
     Organic gardening replenishes the natural resources as it uses them. In organic gardening, you consider your plants as part of the larger natural system that begins with the soil and includes water supply, the wildlife; insects and people.
    Everyone wants the food we serve to our families as well as our environment to be safe and healthy. A good organic gardener strives to ensure that his/her activities are in harmony with the natural ecosystem and aims to minimising exploitation as well as replenishing all the resources consumed by his/her garden.

SOME DIFFERENT TYPES OF GARDEN STYLES

• City And Courtyard.
• Coastal Garden.
• Mediterranean Garden.
• Gravel And Rock Garden.
• Formal Garden
• Informal And Cottage.
• Japanese Garden.
• Modern Garden.


CONCLUSION:

  • Gardening is education and develops new skills including:
  • Responsibility - from caring for plants.
  • Understanding - as they learn about cause and effect(for example, plants die without water, waves compete with plants)
  • Self confidence - from achieving their goals and enjoying the food they have grown.

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